The National Institutes of Health Public Access (NIHPA) Policy ensures that the public has access to the published results of NIH funded research. It requires scientists to submit journal articles that arise from NIH funds to the digital archive PubMed Central (PMC) ( http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/ ). The Policy requires that these articles be accessible to the public on PubMed Central to help advance science and improve human health.
The revised policy on public access (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-08-033.html#sup1.%20) is mandatory and applies to all peer-reviewed articles accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008 that arise from direct costs from NIH funding or NIH staff, including grants active in Fiscal Year 2008 (October 1, 2007 - September 30, 2008).
|Policy Details||More FAQs|
|Public Access Website||Glossary|
|PubMed Central||Journal Policies|
|Manuscript submission system (NIHMS)||Training|
The NIH Public Access Policy implements Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008). The law states:
The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.
How does the NIH Public Access Policy apply to me?
The Policy applies to you if your peer-reviewed article is based on work in one or more of the following categories:
- Directly funded by an NIH grant or cooperative agreement active in Fiscal Year 2008 (October 1, 2007- September 30, 2008) or beyond;
- Directly funded by a contract signed on or after April 7, 2008;
- Directly funded by the NIH Intramural Program;
- If NIH pays your salary.
NIH Extramural principal investigators, grantees or applicants will use their NIH eRA Commons account login to access the NIH Manuscript Submission system (NIHMS) and submit their manuscripts to PMC. Third party submitters will need to have an account in MyNCBI.
Beginning April 7, 2008, all articles arising from NIH funds must be submitted to PubMed Central upon acceptance for publication.
Beginning May 25, 2008 , anyone submitting an application, proposal or progress report to the NIH must include the PubMed Central Identifier (PMCID), or NIH Manuscript Submission (NIHMS) reference number, when citing applicable articles that arise from their NIH funded research. This policy includes applications submitted to the NIH for the May 25, 2008 due date and subsequent due dates.
FAQ Updates: On May 2, 2008, NIH made the following changes to the NIH Public Access Policy Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Questions C7, C9 and C10 are new, and reflect improvements to PubMed. They clarify and simplify how awardees can comply with the fifth specification of the NIH Public Access Policy, which states: “Beginning May 25, 2008, anyone submitting an application, proposal or progress report to the NIH must include the PMC or NIH Manuscript Submission reference number when citing applicable articles that arise from their NIH funded research. This policy includes applications submitted to the NIH for the May 25, 2008 due date and subsequent due dates.”
Questions A4, B10-B12, C8, C11, D5, E4, E5, F5 and F6 were developed based on questions received by NIH. These questions do not signify any changes in policy or procedure.
NIH has responded to a number of questions about issues already addressed by the January 11 version of the FAQs, and we have made a number small changes to many of these FAQ questions to improve their clarity. The biggest changes we have made is to the wording of FAQs B1-B5. These clarifications to the existing FAQ do not signify any changes in policy or procedure.
The January 11, 2008 FAQ uses the term “article” as a generic word for a peer-reviewed scientific publication and all its versions. At the March 20 Open Meeting, some stakeholders commented that ‘article’ could be confused with the term “final published article”. Therefore, this FAQ uses the term ‘paper’ instead of ‘article’. We will be updating the website to reflect this change as well.
UTMB FORUMS April, 2008: slide show (revised pdf), slides handout (pdf), summary handout(pdf)
NIH training: slides, articles, and regional seminars
Submission Process Overview
Tutorials - NIHMS submission process tutorials with detailed Instructions on submitting your manuscript to PMC for PI submitters and third party submitters.
PubMed Central demo - How Full Text Articles in PubMed Central Link to other Molecular Biology Databases at NCBI
NIH - Copyright Agreement language:
"Journal acknowledges that Author retains the right to provide a copy of the final manuscript to the NIH upon acceptance for Journal publication, for public archiving in PubMed Central as soon as possible but no later than 12 months after publication by Journal."
UTMB - Copyright and non-exclusive rights at UTMB:
Limited rights will be reserved for UTMB that will allow the PI and the institution to meet the terms and conditions of awards from NIH concerning public access up front, at the proposal stage and at the award stage. The following documents have been developed to make the copyright issue as effortless as possible. Please check this site or the Research Services site frequently for updated information and forms.
UTMB Non-Exclusive Public Access License (example - to be signed by PI upon submission of routing form accompanying the proposal submission process and progress reporting process).
Notice of Rights (example - to be provided to the publisher upon submission of an article for publication)
A similar statement will also be included in UTMB's Statement of Intent to Establish a Consortium Agreement (example) as part of subcontracts.
NIH Compliance status of publishers of the Top 100 journals with articles by UTMB authors funded by NIH.
Publishing policies for 280 high impact journals in the sciences. Created by Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) to help it’s scientists and their collaborators comply with the HHMI public access publishing policy.
Publisher's copyright & archiving policies for 377 publishers developed by SHERPA RoMEO, United Kingdom . For example:
Linda Crumpler in Research Services, x69474 email@example.com for questions about the policy, the submission process, or what to include in your proposals to NIH.
Center for Technology Development, x20375, firstname.lastname@example.org for questions about copyright issues
Association of Research Libraries - ARL influences the changing environment of scholarly communication and the public policies that affect research libraries and the diverse communities they serve.
eRA Commons Log into NIHMS using your eRA Commons account to submit your manuscript; or log into eRA Commons to see if your manuscripts in PMC are associated with your grants and to submit new manuscripts.
NIH Guide Notice on Public Access Policy Original notice of NIH policy in the NIH Guide, published February 3, 2005.
NIH Guide Notice on Revised Public Access Policy Updated notice of policy making the policy mandatory, published in the NIH Guide January 11, 2008.
NIH Public Access web site - Explains the policy and how to comply with the NIH Public Access Policy step by step.
NIH Manuscript Submission System - The site which manages all submissions to PMC.
PUBMED CENTRAL: - the free NIH archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature.
RFI - Request for Information issued by NIH for comments on the new policy. Deadline for comments: May 31, 2008.
SPARC - Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition
Institutional Handbook of Operational Policies
Login to ECRT
Time & Effort Reporting tool.
Roles & Responsibilities
Searchable database of institution-wide roles and responsibilities as they relate to research